What is Cholesterol – Its Cause, Side-Effects, and Treatment


What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is the waxy and fatty chemical compound that is found in our bodies. The liver produces 80% of our body’s cholesterol naturally and the rest of 20% comes from our diet.

Cholesterol is responsible for the production of many hormones in our body such as estrogen and testosterone.

Cholesterol is essential for our body and it is helpful to our body if you have the required cholesterol level but if your body’s cholesterol level is high you may face many health problems.

Excess cholesterol in our body makes the artery narrow and can even cause blockage.

This leads to Coronary artery diseases. This cholesterol combines with other substances in your body and forms a sticky Plaque.

It gets deposited in your artery and causes restriction of blood and oxygen flow to your heart, which if not treated in its initial stage can also cause a heart attack.

Three types of Lipoprotein  –

  1. HDL – High-density Lipo-protein. It is a actually a good cholesterol, it help liver to process the low density lipoprotein and reuse them.

It keeps our heart healthy by removing the plaque that is stuck to the wall of the artery. If you have your cholesterol level 60 mg/dl, then it’s good your healthy

2. LDL – Low-density Lipoprotein. This is the bad bad cholesterol that is responsible for our artery blockage and heart attack.

Cholesterol level less than 40 mg/dl is low and it increases the risk of heart problems.

3. VLDL – Very low-density lipoprotein. It is mainly a triglyceride that is formed by the liver and released into the bloodstream.

LDL and VLDL are different forms of cholesterol but people often them as same. VLDL levels range from 3-30 mg/dl.

Cause of high cholesterol –

  1. Bad Eating Habits – Eating lots of fried and junk food increases the higher level of LDL.

2. Smoking – Smoking causes chemical changes in our bodies. It raises bad cholesterol. Especially for girls.

3. Lack of physical workout – If you are doing lots of sitting work and do less exercise then it may increase your LDL level in your body.

4. Obesity – If your body fat and body weight are high it can cause a rise in LDL.

5. Age – With the increase in your age your liver becomes less effective to recycle LDL. So, this may be the reason for the increase in your cholesterol level.

6. High blood sugar – If you are a diabetic patient it increases the risk of  VLDL in your body which is very bad for your heart health.

Health problem associated with high  cholesterol –

  1. Chest Pain – As the cholesterol  narrows and hardens  your artery it becomes difficult for blood flow which can cause the chest pain and Coronary artery diseases.

2. Heart attack – Increase in LDL level in your body from the plaque which is a sticky substance that settles in your artery making it narrow and difficult for blood and oxygen supply to your heart.

3. Stroke – Atherosclerosis narrows and blocks the artery that carries blood to your brain. If the blood and oxygen flow to the brain are restricted it can cause a stroke.

4. High blood Pressure – When your arteries become narrow your heart has to pump the blood forcefully which can lead to high blood pressure.

 5. Peripheral Vascular Disease – This is actually the problem related to your lower body(your legs and feet). It is caused due to a problem in blood circulation. When the artery is blocked and narrow it can’t carry enough blood to your lower body.

Symptoms of high cholesterol –

  1. Chest pain
  2. Dizziness
  3. High blood pressure
  4. Pain in lower portion of legs

[Above mentioned symptoms are in rare cases. There is not much evidence of these above-mentioned symptoms. There are no such symptoms of high cholesterol but if you really want to know if you are having high cholesterol or not you need a blood test]

Foods you must avoid –

  1. Red meat
  2. Fried foods
  3. Fast food
  4. Processed animal products
  5. Cookies/cake/ice-cream

Foods you must eat –

  1. Peanut Butter

fatty Plant products such as nuts have no cholesterol. Eating nuts increase the HDL level which is good for your heart health.

2. Eggs

People often fear eating eggs in the high cholesterol stage but the fact is you must eat eggs because they increase good cholesterol levels and are good for heart health and play an important role in testosterone production.

3. Organ meat 

You can eat animal organ meat such as heart, liver, Kidney. They are rich in antioxidants and good for your heart.

4. Citrus Foods

Rich in antioxidants.

  Natural treatment for High cholesterol
  1. Stop Smoking
  2. Lose your weight and body fat level
  3. Do high endurance and intensive workout daily
  4. avoid high saturated fat contain food
  5. low fat diet
  6. consume high fiber food
  7. consume foods rich in omega fatty acid and antioxidant
  8. vitamin B Supplementation
  9. Include garlic & ginger  in your diet

Also Read- 


Surajit Jana.

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