Everything you need to know about Gout || Uric acid
What is uric acid?
Uric acid is a chemical compound found in the human body.Uric acid is actually a heterocyclic chemical compound formed by the combination of carbon,nitrogen,oxygen and hydrogen.
Uric acid is the waste product formed by our body when we eat Purine rich food and our body breaks down that food.When you are eating Purine rich food on a daily basis it will increase the Concentration of uric acid in our blood.
Normally,the uric acid is thrown out of our body by urination,by the process of filtration of blood by our Kidney.However,there can be high level of Uric acid found in our body when kidney filter less amount of uric acid or the level of uric acid in our body get much higher.
If the extra uric acid in our body is not thrown out properly it will settle in our body around the joints and will form small Urate crystals which is very painful.This Condition is Known as Gout.
What is Gout?
Gout is a complex form of arthritis in which individuals suffer from severe joint pain.Gout can be identified by the redness,swelling and inflammation of the joints.
There are 4 types of gout depending upon the level of Uric acid accumulation in different individuals:-
Asymptomatic hyperuricemia – Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is the condition where the level is raised up but there is no accumulation of Urate crystals and there are no symptoms to gout.
Acute gout – Acute gout is caused by too much uric acid level in our body and formation of Urate crystal.Acute gout is very much painful and it only affects one joint in our body.
Intercritical gout – Intercritical gout is the time span between two gout attacks.
Chronic gout – Chronic gout is a very painful condition that one experience.Chronic gout will attack frequently.It attacks more than one joints in our body and causes permanent damage to it.
Factor that causes gout:-
1.Heredity – Heredity plays the important role in causing gout.If your family has a history of gout it will make you more prone to gout suffering.
2.Diet – If your diet mostly consists of Purine rich food it increases the chance of gout.
3.Over weight – Too much weight factor also contributes to the cause of gout.
4.Kidney function – If the kidney can’t purify uric acid properly it will cause gout.
5.Medication – Certain medicine such as using diuretics will affect kidney function and will cause gout.
6.Alcohol – When you are drinking alcohol your kidney focuses more on alcohol excreting rather than uric acid it may raise up the level of uric acid in our body.
Food you must avoid:-
- Alcohol drinks
- Drinks and foods that contain high amounts of sugar.
- Red meat (e.g beef,lamb,pork)
- Organ meat(liver ,heart,kidney )
- Junk and processed food.
- Sea foods.
- High fat dairy products.
Food you can Eat :-
- You can eat all types of fruits, especially cherries, which can help you to reduce the level of uric acid .
- You can eat all types of green vegetables.
- You can eat nuts of all kinds.
- Green tea is very helpful.
- Use only vegetable oils.
- If you are eating dairy products then you must include low-fat dairy products in your diet.
- Always prefer complex carb food over simple carbs.
Home treatment for gout:-
1.Drinking plenty of water- Drink plenty of water that will help your kidney to flush out uric acid from our body through urination.
2.Drink lemon or apple cider vinegar with hot water- Drink lemon or apple cider vinegar with hot water will help dissolve uric acid.
3.Take plenty of rest- That can help you with pain and inflammation
4.You can take OTC painkillers- To avoid gout pain.
5.Increase your fish intake- Because fish are rich in anti-inflammatory agents.
6.Eat more cherries– Because they contain anti-inflammatory compound known as anthocyanins which help to reduce the pain
7.Do regular exercise- This will help to reduce uric acid.
Simple healthy diet for high Uric acid peoples:-
Oatmeal with dried grapes and almond with skim milk.
Mixed green salad with low fat foods.
- Boneless chicken
- Baked sweet potato
- Mixed green salad
Frequently asked Questions:-
1.What is the cause of Gout?
When you are eating high purine foods such as sea foods, red meat or alcohol your body will break down the food and will produce uric acid.
The uric acid is generally excreted from the body by kidney filtration and then by the urine.
If the kidney fails to purify the blood properly or if our body has a high amount of uric acid then it will accumulate in the joints and form the urate crystal that causes pain and inflammation in our joints. This health condition is known as Gout.
2.Lemon juice good for high uric acid?
Yes, you can take lemon juice that will help for your uric acid.
3.What is the fastest way to reduce uric acid?
- Eat more fruits and green vegetables.
- Avoid purine rich foods (foods mentioned above)
- Drink plenty of water
- Supplement with vitamin C
- Avoid alcohol.
- Regular exercise.
4.Can we take fructose rich foods?
NO, though fructose is not rich in purine but it increases the Uric acid level in our body.
5.Does gout indicate Kidney failure?
No, gout doesn’t indicate kidney failure but it can cause kidney Problems as you gout is caused by an increase in level of uric acid but if the gout is left untreated for a long time it can cause kidney failure.
6.Can we cure gout permanently?
NO, there is no permanent cure for gout but improving your lifestyle and maintaining a health diet the condition can be controlled.
7.Are bananas good for gout?
Bananas are low in purine contained and rich in potassium which will help you in gout. So bananas are good for gout.
8.Can we eat eggs ?
Yes, eggs are completely fine they are low in purine contained.
9.Can i check my uric acid level at home?
NO, you can’t test uric acid level at home. To check the level of uric acid you must go to clinic for blood test or Urine test
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