3 types of Eczema:-Causes and Treatment
Eczema is a medical condition that makes our skin itchy,red and inflamed skin rash.Eczema is very common in children but any age group can face it at any time.Eczema is non-contagious disease .Most common type of Eczema is Atopic dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis don’t have any particular treatment but it can be treated by self-care and some sort of medical treatment.This condition may also associate with respiratory system such as Asthma.
Another type of eczema that are common in baby is known as infant eczema.This condition develop naturally and it gets disappeared when baby is 2 to 3 years.
If the baby is suffering from Infant eczema you will see the symptoms on Face and Scalp.
According to medical sources there are many symptoms of Eczema that make an individual life uncomfortable.When it comes to sore the person will scratch the sore part of the body until they bleed.
Therefore,it is advised not to scratch the sore area because it may result in serious infection later.
Females are most likely to get affected by Eczema as they have Sensitive skin as compared to males.
According to a medical report in 2015 about 245 million people was affected by Atopic dermatitis(Eczema).
Body parts where Eczema appear:-
6.Back of Knees.
Symptoms of Eczema:-
3.Brown patches on your hand,neck,feet and on your Upper Chest.
5.Swollen skin due to excess Scratching.
6.Fluid leakage from small bumps on the skin after Scratching.
Types of Eczema
There are several kinds of Eczema depending upon specific cause and symptoms.Some causes may be allergic and some may be non-allergic.
Here in this article we will discuss about 3 types of Skin Dermatitis:-
Atopic Dermatitis is usually a Chronic condition which is identified by itchy,swollen and red skin.
Atopic Dermatitis is a type of eczema that is caused by allergic reaction .It can effect any age group.
Generally,it effect children and it get cured when they grew up but it also affect adults in some cases.
Cause of Atopic Dermatitis:-
Actual cause of Atopic Dermatitis is still unknown.It is common in people who got allergy from certain allergens.
Causes of Atopic Dermatitis :-
1.Cold and dry Weather
4.Excess sweat and Scratching
Certain Soaps and Detergent may also result in Atopic Dermatitis.You can avoid the certain chemical products that affect you.
Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis:-
As it can affect all age groups and so it symptoms also differ
Symptoms of AD in children:-
1.Rash on cheeks
2.Rash around eyes
3.Rash in the neck
4.Extremely dry skin
Symptoms of AD in adults:-
1.Dry itchy skin
2.Pimple like rash that discharge fluid after scratching
3.Dark skin spot
4.Rashes around knee and elbow
5. Discolor skin that is always itching.
Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis:-
Severe Eczema can have a great negative impact on our daily life.Due to scratching it may increase the risk of infection.
Treating eczema completely could give you relive from uncomfortable symptoms.But still now there is no known medical treatment that can treat eczema completely.
You can treat these medical condition by the following ways:-
1.Take self-care for example reduce scratching and avoid allergens that trigger the symptoms.
2.Use moisturizer regularly for day skin.
3. Corticosteroids skin cream that can help you reduce the redness,itching and inflammation.
Contact dermatitis are produced when you come in contact with certain substance that cause irritation to your skin.
It can be cured completely if you avoid contact with certain substance.
Cause of Contact Dermatitis:-
Contact Dermatitis are mainly caused by two ways
1.Irritant:-The substances that cause irritation to your skin as soon as they comes in contact of your skin.
2.Allergens:- It usually take time to develop its symptoms as it’s your immune response of your body when your skin comes in contact to certain allergen substance.
Contact dermatitis can also develop from weak irritant substance such as soaps and detergents.If you have Atopic Dermatitis then you are at increased risk of Contact Dermatitis.
Common irritant for Contact Dermatitis:-
4.Certain plant based oil such as Mustard oil.
9.Acids and Alkali.
Not everyone is sensitive to everything it depends on your skin and your immune system how it reacts to the substance.
If you are effected and develop the irritant contact dermatitis then you must not scratch or rub the irritated area of your skin because it will worse the condition.
It usually become more worse if you have to work with irritant at your job.It may degrade and effect your health badly.
Certain Occupation are:-
4.Chemical factory workers
Allergens for Contact Dermatitis:-
If you are allergic to certain allergens and you come in contact with those allergens your body will not respond in the first time but it will definitely react when you will be exposed to that allergens again.
Allergens that cause Contact Dermatitis:-
1.Ingredients in cosmetics such as Preservatives and fragrance in it
3.Metal that are present in your jewelry such as cobalt ,nickel.silver.
4.Latex in rubber
5.Certain medicinal creams
Symptoms of Contact Dermatitis:-
You may notice your skin becoming red,dry,cracked,blistered and inflamed.
These symptoms of Contact Dermatitis can appear at any part of your body that has been affected by irritant.
You can develop symptoms immediately or it can take 24 hrs to 72 hrs to develop symptoms ,it all depends on how much sensitive is your skin.
Depending upon the allergens and irritant you may discover some additional symptoms.
1.Your skin discharge fluid from effected area of skin
2.Your skin area that got affected may slowly convert to infections.
3.Swelling and pain will be increased in that area.
Treatment for Contact Dermatitis:-
You must avoid the contact with certain substance that affects you.If you successfully avoid the contact with irritant you will not get any symptoms further .
But it is impossible to avoid contact with the substance in our daily.Your skin specialist will suggest you the way of minimizing the effect.
Ways to Treat Contact Dermatitis:-
If you work with irritants at your job you may wear protective cover to avoid the symptoms.
You can use Emollient for treating the symptoms.
There are Different emollient available at market for different skin types,so consult with your Doctor before using any.
Don’t use any cosmetic skin cream instead of emollient because it may not work for your skin.Emollient works same as your moisturizer the only difference is the oil content in it is varies for different skin type.
You can use Topical Coticosteroid cream.Consult with your doctor first.There are different coticosteroid cream available for different skin type.
Discoid Eczema is a long term chronic skin disorder that makes our skin itchy,swollen and Cracked.
It will be cleared naturally after sometimes without treatment but it may again come back and effect the same area again.
Cause of Discoid Eczema:-
Still now the exact cause of Discoid Eczema is unknown but it is belived the possible cause of Discoid Eczema is due to dry skin.
It is important to pay attention to the chemical content of your skin Cosmetics that you are using . Sometimes, the cause of Contact Dermatitis also contribute in developing the Discoid Eczema.
The cause of Discoid Eczema can be develop by certain skin injury ,bite from insect,skin burn and from certain medicine.
Symptoms of Discoid Eczema:-
You can identify Discoid Eczema by formation of many small bumps on the skin.And over time the small bumps join up together to form a itchy patches.
These patches are round in shape and are usually dark brown in colour. They are often misunderstood as ringworm.
These patches are swollen , blistered and often discharge fluids. These patches become very much itchy over the time.
Avoid scratching the patches.You may feel comfortable at initial stage but you will bleed after excess scratching and it will cause you infection.
Treatment for Discoid Eczema:-
1.Use Emollients for moisturizing your skin
2.Typical corticosteroids skin cream
3.Use antibiotics if the eczema is infected
4.You can use Antihistamines medication if is itching severely
Self-Care treatments for Discoid Eczema:-
1.Take bath regularly with antiseptic liquids and keep yourself clean and hygienic.
2.Avoid using certain shops and detergents.
3.Avoid scratching the patches on your skin
Note:-“You must consult with your doctor before using any medicine.Maybe the symptoms you are developing is due to other health factors.Don’t just read article and use mentioned medications”