Tuberculosis or TB is commonly a infection that is caused by a bacteria. Tuberculosis mainly affects your lungs but it can also affect your brain, bones, abdomen and also other body parts.
Tuberculosis is a dangerous infection. You must consult your doctor in it’s initial stage for proper medicine and treatment.
What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is a infection by bacteria known as Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. TB that affects your lungs known as Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis is a contagious disease but it can only effect you if you are prolonged exposed to the infected person.
If you are healthy and your body’s immune power is strong the bacteria will be killed by your body’s defence system and it can’t effect you.
Sometimes, the bacteria the bacteria is present in your body but it doesn’t spread in your body.
You will see no symptoms though the bacteria is present in your system. This type of Condition is known as Latent TB.
The people with Latent TB doesn’t spread the infection to other peoples around.
Sometimes our body’s immune system fail to defence against the the bacteria. This usually happens when your immune system become weak especially when you are old.
You will start to see the symptoms of TB. This condition is known as Active TB.
How TB is spread?
TB is a bacterial infection and it will be spread through air like flu or common cold.
When the person cough, sneeze or laugh loudly the tiny droplets that comes out of his mouth contain the germs.
If you breath-in the germs released through tiny droplets you will be infected.
TB is not spread easily from person to person. You have to spend lot of time around the infected person.
For example – You can’t get infected by shaking your hands with the infected person.
Types of Tuberculosis:-
If you get infected it doesn’t always mean you will get sick or see symptoms of TB. There is two types of TB:-
1. Latent TB –
This condition means you have the germs of TB but it can’t function or multiply due to the strong immune system of your body.
If the person can resist the spreading of the germs that means the person is not contagious.
But the risk is still there because the germs are alive and are present in your body.
One day it can become active when your body’s immune power will fail to defence the germs.
2.Active TB – This condition means the germs are active and can they can multiply in your body and make you sick as well as contagious.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis:-
- You are loosing body weight rapidly.
- You are sweating excessively when you are sleeping.
- Feeling tired and fatigue all day.
- Your cough last for 3 weeks or more.
- Your cough comes with blood when you are coughing.
- Losing the desire to eat foods that means loss of appetite.
These symptoms may be due to other health conditions or factors but these are the common symptoms of TB.
But the symptoms of TB will be different from person to person.It depends which parts of your body is affected.
TB is very slow infection disease .It develop it’s symptoms very slow. It doesn’t make you sick overnight.
It can take 5 to 6 months or even it can take a year to develop its symptoms after your initial infection.
Symptoms of TB that effect your Lungs(Pulmonary TB)
- Cough for more than 3 weeks.
- Cough comes with blood when coughing.
- Much difficulty in breathing.
Symptoms of TB that effect outside of Lungs(Extra Pulmonary TB)
While most of the TB infection affects your lungs but it can also affect your other body parts outside of your Lungs. Such as Brain, Digestive System, Reproductive system or your Nervous systems.
- Swollen glands.
- Pain in joints.
- Abdominal pain
- Persistent headache.
The Symptoms are not always TB symptoms. It can have many other causes.
Who is in most Danger ?
- People in TB infected area.
- People spending most of the time around infected people.
- People with certain medical conditions and Treatments.
- Younger and aged people.
- Poor diet or unhealthy lifestyle.
Pulmonary TB –
1.X-ray of chest to examine the change in your lungs.
2.Your doctor may ask you to cough to collect your sputum. It is done to examine your sputum under a microscope to detect the presence of TB germs.
Extra Pulmonary TB –
There are several tests for Extra Pulmonary TB.
3.Maybe a small amount of tissue will be collected from the affected part of your body for Biopsy to detect TB germs.
4.You may be prescribed a CTR or MRI scan for the affected part of your body.
5.For testing if your Brain is infected or not a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid may be collected from your spine.
You may be infected but you may not develop any symptoms of TB. Then your doctor can recommend the following test:-
1.Tuberculin Skin Test –
In this test you will be injected with a small amount of PPD Tuberculin. If you are having Latent TB then it will react and you see redness in the injected area.
2.Interferon Gamma Release Assay –
This test is done to measure the response when the TB germs are mixed with a small amount of your blood.
Condition that worse the TB complication –
These are the following that can worse your TB complication as they degrade your Body’s immune system:-
- Blood Sugar.
- Kidney Disease.
Young children are also at the greater risk of getting affected by TB infection as their immune power is not fully developed.
Prevention of TB –
- Do all your prescribed tests by your doctor.
- Take all medication properly.
- Cover your mouth and nose during coughing, sneezing.
- Avoid crowded places.
- Decrease your contact with others.
- Limit your travelling to TB affected countries or places.
- Get the right vaccination at the right time that is prescribed by your doctor.
Thanks for giving your precious time and reading this article. So, now if you find the article to be helpful for you .you can share with your friends, family and your closed ones. Be healthy and help others to stay healthy.