Erectile Dysfunction and Impotence Explained
What is Erectile Dysfunction ?
Erectile Dysfunction or Importance is the inability of erection of penis in men or the inability to hold the erection for longer enough required for a proper sexual intercourse process to complete.
Impotence is another name for ED but impotence is not commonly used.
Erectile dysfunction is not a disease that you need to worry about; it is just the inability for erection during sexual activities.
It is most common in men after the age of 45 years old but you can always consult with your general physician for its treatment.
How is Erection caused ?
Penis is a highly vascular organ having numerous erectile tissues and Vascular Spaces.
Erectile Dysfunction is caused when there is an increase in blood flow through arteries present in penis and filling up the vascular spaces which result in penis muscle to enlarge and rigid which is known as Erection.
A male gets an erection when he is sexually aroused whether by sexual thoughts or by direct contact and due to this phenomenon the penis muscle gets relaxed and a large amount of blood flows into the penile veins.
Again when the muscle contracts and the blood flows out the erection end. This is how the erection process continues over and over again.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
ED can be caused due to varieties of health Conditions and issues. The Causes of ED are not the same for every individual so it is always advised to consult with your doctor for proper treatments.
There are many medicines and Supplements nowadays available on the internet claiming to treat ED but believe me it is not possible to treat ED problems of different individuals with only one particular demicine.
Here the common problems of Erectile Dysfunction are discussed below :-
1. Diabetes –
Especially type – 2 Diabetes causes erectile dysfunction. This happens when the blood sugar level is too high for a long period of time it makes your blood thick and also damages your Blood vessels resulting in less blood flow.
Moreover, due to diabetes the free radicals increase which produce oxidative stress in your body and damage the nervous systems. High blood sugar also restricts the production of Nitric Oxide which helps in proper blood flow. These are the reasons why diabetes causes ED or impotence.
Stress and Depression are a common part of our daily life. In our everyday’s life we all are being stressed or depressed in many ways. Stress and Depression affects the ED indirectly. Stress is a common thing and you need not to worry about but if you are depressed for a long time then you need to worry.
Because when our body is under stress it releases several hormones such as Cortisol and Adrenaline to handle the situation our body is going through. The secretion of these stress hormones results in a decrease of happy hormones such as Oxytocin, dopamine, and serotonin which affects your Erection process.
3. High Cholesterol –
Cholesterol are good for our body but not all types of cholesterol are good. There are two types of cholesterol LDL and HDL. When the HDL increases in our body it forms a waxy layer around the blood vessels which restricts the blood flow and nutrients supply to the cells thus damaging them. This may be the reason for ED.
Cardiovascular Diseases Such as : –
Arrhythmia – This is the condition when the heart beats too fast or too slowly and can also with irregular heart rate.
Atherosclerosis – Formation of plaque on the wall and hardening of the arteries the condition is known as Atherosclerosis
Cardiomyopathy – The weakening of the heart muscle and unable to pump blood to other parts of the body.
Coronary artery disease – Due to the formation of plaque in the arteries it becomes narrow and hard and unable to pump blood properly.
With all this heart diseases ED can be caused.
Does Testosterone level effects Erectile Dysfunction?
It is believed that Low testosterone may result in ED but scientifically speaking the relation between Low testosterone and ED is very complex and not understood completely.
Sometimes it is seen that the men with low testosterone below normal range have good erection but men with good testosterone level face ED problems. But it is known that low testosterone will lower the sexual drive which may result in Erectile dysfunction.
So you can always try your best to boost your testosterone level which will make your overall health and sex life better but it is not guaranteed that you will not face ED despite of having good testosterone level because Erectile Dysfunction is caused by different varieties of health issues.
Things that negatively affect Testosterone level
There are 4 major things that affects testosterone level :-
- Hormonal imbalance –
Whether you are on certain medications, or you are mentally depressed or if you are suffering from pituitary disorders, HIV/Aids , type 2 diabetes etc etc these things bring hormonal imbalance in our body which directly and indirectly affect testosterone production.
- Diet –
Not only hormonal imbalance but also your poor diet can be the reason for your low testosterone level. If you are consuming mostly soy products, junk foods, processed and fried foods then it can also make trouble for you. Poor diet indirectly affects your testosterone level by raising bad cholesterol and blood sugar level.
- Addictions –
If you are addicted to smoking, drinking and using other harmful drugs it damages your nervous system and affects the nerve impulse to carry out normally. Addiction is one of the reasons for low testosterone and Erectile Dysfunction.
- Lifestyle –
Sleep disorders, Obesity, Lack of physical workout, and all the above mentioned points are included in your lifestyle. If you are doing any one of these then you need to stop it right now if you want healthy testosterone levels.
Erectile Dysfunction Treatment
ED can be treated naturally or medically depending on ED cause and its severity. Your doctor may have a counselling session with you to discover any underlying causes of your ED problem.
Your doctor will perform some of the following tests for treatments :-
Physical Test – This includes testing of your penis muscle and nerves, your testes and your sexual sensation.
Blood Test – Your doctor may collect your blood sample to perform blood work to know whether the cause of ED is due to high cholesterol, blood sugar or low testosterone levels and other health issues.
Ultrasound Scan – Ultrasound scan is the medical test which doctors use to capture the image of internal organs and their functions. In case of ED ultrasound test can be performed to see the quality and quantity of blood flow into the penile arteries .
Counselling – Doctors usually ask questions to patients to know if he/she is going through any kind of Psychological stress and depression.
Now,if your doctor sees there is no need for the above mentioned diagnosis then he may recommend you with some oral drugs that help with Erectile Dysfunction.
Oral Medications for ED :-
All these medications are used to treat ED. All four of these works by enhancing the nitric oxide release into the blood vessels. You can’t get the erection only by taking these medications, you also need the proper sexual stimulation in order to get an erection.
There is different dosage of these medicines for different people depending upon how much time it needs to be active in your body, so the same dosage is not going to work for everyone.
These medicines also carry side-effects so it is also recommended to use these only under doctor’s supervision.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy
With all these medications and tests performed your doctor may recommend you for testosterone replacement therapy. It is usually done when your body cannot produce enough testosterone and to maintain a healthy body especially for male you may need to take testosterone hormone from outside under doctor’s advice.
7 Natural Home Remedies for Erectile Dysfunction
- Ashwagandha – It is the medicinal herbs found mostly in India and some parts of africa. It is one of the best herbal plants that you can use to treat ED.Many people have a misconception that it is a testosterone booster but it is actually a hormone modulator that balances every hormone properly and keeps us healthy in every aspect of life.
- Gokshura – It is also known as Tribulus Terrestris is used as chinese traditional medicine. It boosts your sexual performance and enhances your libido. It works best when taken with Ashwagandha. It increases the blood flow into the blood veins and arteries.
- Shilajit – Shilajit is known for its mineral contents, it has almost 85 minerals in it. It is found in high rocky mountains due to the breakdown of plants and minerals over a long period of time. Many studies have found that it increases testosterone level and sperm count.
- L- Arginine – L-Arginine is the supplementation that you can use to treat ED. L-Arginine is the non-essential amino acid that our body can make of its own but it is always recommended to take through your diet additionally.
Animal products are rich in Arginine. It helps in producing nitric oxide and releasing into the bloodstream which helps in relaxing of veins and arteries thus enhancing blood circulation.
- Yohimbine – Yohimbine is the natural herb that is best for treating ED. Yohimbine is sometimes found in some medicines that are used to treat ED. But Yohimbine has a number of side effects such as irregular heart beats, high blood pressure and may also increase anxiety. So you must consult with a doctor before using it.
- Beet Juice – Consuming a glass of Beet juice daily can improve erectile dysfunction as it enhances the nitric oxide content in our body.
Foods for Erectile Dysfunction
- Spinach – It contain high level of Zinc and can help to boost testosterone level
- Avocados – Rich in Vitamin E and Zinc which can enhance testosterone levels and sperm quality.
- Coffee – Contains caffeine that relaxes the veins and boosts blood circulation and also maintains nerves function.
- Carrots – They are rich in carotenoids which improves male fertility.
- Oats – Oats are rich in certain minerals that increase blood circulation and can help in ED.
- Green chilli – They are rich in Capsaicin which boost Testosterone level .
- Dark Chocolates – They are rich in flavonoids which helps in blood circulation and improves Erectile Dysfunction.
Exercises for Erectile Dysfunction
Exercise is the most basic thing you need to avoid all kinds of health issues and stay healthy and fit in your life. Workout helps in blood circulation, proper nutrients transportation to the different muscles and cells and more oxygen content in your blood.
For erectile dysfunction you can do different kinds of intense aerobic workouts :-
- Heavy Squat
- Leg Press
You can also try Kegel Exercise. (See Details)
All these workouts are must do for Erectile dysfunction problems. These workouts will improve the blood flow in the lower portion of your body. This process will take time but it will definitely work. You will get benefits for a longer period of time and you can stay safe from the side effects that come with medicine uses.
Also Read –