A Detailed Guide to Diabetes and its Prevention

Published by Surajit jana on

Diabetes has become the most concerning health issue in the last few years . If you are here that means whether you are suffering from this health issue or maybe you have a lot of queries that you want a solution for.

 No worries, you are at the right place where you will get all your answers and effective ways to prevent this serious health issue. 

Here in this article we will take you through a detailed guide to understand diabetes in a better way and live a healthier life .

Let’s go through this !!

What is Diabetes ?

Diabetes is the metabolic health issue where your body doesn’t produce insulin or it does not respond well to insulin . 

 The food we eat daily is processed in our digestive system and gets converted to Glucose and is used as energy by our body. 

The pancreas is the organ which is located near our stomach which produces insulin by the help of beta cells . 

Insulin is the peptide hormone which helps in maintaining the body’s normal  glucose level by transporting glucose to different cells of our body and helping them to divide and grow by it’s mitogenic effect and also promote the body’s metabolism .


When you are diabetic, that means body is not producing  insulin or not responding well enough then the glucose ( Sugar) which is produced by breaking down various foods we eat will be not utilized properly and the sugar will settle down in our blood stream, this is the reason why Diabetes is commonly referred to as high sugar.

There is Commonly two types of Diabetic Condition :-

Type 1 Diabetes – 

This Diabetic Condition can affect the individual at any age but most commonly it is observed in Children and teenegers. 

In this type of condition the body stops producing insulin at all and this means you need to inject insulin to maintain normal blood sugar level .

Type 2 Diabetes

This type of Diabetic condition is usually observed in adults where the body is producing insulin but it is not used by our body effectively . Most dangerous thing about Type 2 diabetes is, it does not show any critical symptoms that is the reason it is also referred as Silent Killer . 

Best therapy for this condition is to lead a healthy lifestyle and follow a healthy diet.  

Over time type 2 diabetic patients may also be required to inject insulin doses to control blood sugar level.

Type 1 Vs Type 2 Diabetes – Signs & Symptoms

Type 1 Diabetes 

Type 2 Diabetes
Increased UrinationFrequent Urination
Excessive ThirstExcessive Thirst
Excess FatigueSudden Weight Loss
Fruity smelling BreathDry Skin and Mouth
Change in VisionBlurred Vision
Vomiting and NauseaNumbness in Feet
Excess HungerExcess Hunger

More or less the difference between the two types of diabetes problem is the same . You have to consult with your doctor and do a blood test in order to know the type of diabetes you have . 

With type 1 Diabetes it can be hectic for parents to take care of children with their medicines, injections and daily meal plan . Remember blood sugar control is very much vital to avoid serious health complications . 

With type 2 Diabetes you have to take care with your lifestyle and healthy food habits . This diabetic problem can only be controlled if you are leading a healthy lifestyle . 

Though there is no cure for this health issue till now but with proper care and medication you can control your blood sugar level and ensure to keep your sugar level stable without much fluctuation.

A Detailed Guide to Diabetes and its Prevention

Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes insipidus –

Diabetes insipidus is not related to diabetes Mellitus, it is the rare condition which is caused when our kidneys do not function properly for fluid regulation and when there is a problem related to Anti Diuretic Hormones .

To understand Diabetes Insipidus in a detailed way we have to know the normal Fluid regulation in our body .

Fluid covers seventy percent of our overall body mass . Consuming the proper amount of water and food throughout the day helps in proper fluid regulation of our body and is the key for our overall health .

Our body uses a number of organ functions and hormonal signals for maintaining fluid regulation .

Here the kidney plays an important role of removing extra fluid waste from our body . The blader stores the fluid waste until we urinate it . 

Our body maintains the normal fluid regulation by urinating less when much fluid is lost through Sweating and urinating more when there is enough fluid .

All these fluid regulation processes are controlled by hypothalamus, a small part of our brain . Hypothalamus regulates the feeling of thirst and we drink water. 

It also synthesizes an Anti Diuretic hormone known as Vasopressin which is stored and released from the pituitary gland . 

When the vasopressin is released in our bloodstream, the body needs to retain water and we feel thirsty . When this hormone is not released in an adequate amount you will urinate more frequently .

Diabetes Insipidus is caused when our hypothalamus or pituitary gland will not function properly .

Diabetes Mellitus – 

Diabetes Mellitus is the normal diabetic health issue where we suffer from high blood sugar levels . Diabetes Mellitus is of two types, Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes which we have discussed earlier here .

A brief overview : – Diabetes insipidus Vs Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes InsipidusDiabetes Mellitus
      Caused by problems in hypothalamus and pituitary glandCaused by problems in Pancreas
Caused by AntiDiuretic hormone deficiencyCaused  by insulin hormone deficiency
Blood sugar levels are not highBlood sugar levels are high
Urine do not contain GlucoseUrine contains Glucose
Excess urinationUrination less than in Diabetes insipidus 
No change in Blood cholesterolIncreases Blood cholesterol
No increase in hungerExcessive hunger
Negative test result for ketone bodies in urinePositive test result for ketone bodies in urine

Glycemic Index and Diabetes

The Glycemic index plays an important role in diets of Diabetic people and has deep Connection with Diabetes .

Diabetes is the metabolic health issue where our body cannot process the blood sugar level effectively so it is the important factor to choose the low value glycemic index food for diabetic patients to control the fluctuating blood sugars levels .

A Detailed Guide to Diabetes and its Prevention

What is the Glycemic Index ?

The Glycemic Index is the value of a particular food that helps us to determine how fast it will break down in our digestive system and convert into glucose . 

The less is the value of a particular food , the less it will impact our body’s blood sugar levels .

Two foods taken at the same time having the same amount of carbohydrate content may have different glycemic index . 

Fried , refined or processed foods have high glycemic index value because they are deprived of fibers and they can’t withstand the digestive enzyme for a long time .

50 or less is a Low Glycemic Index value .
51 to 69 is a Moderate Glycemic Index value .
70 or higher is a high glycemic Index value.

Glycemic Index value of the foods can be changed, depending on certain factors :-

Food Preparation – 

Adding fat, fiber and organic acids such as citric acid in lemon will lower the glycemic index of the meal . If you are cooking starch food for a long time it will raise the glycemic index . 

Ripeness –

Fruits such as bananas will have a high glycemic index when ripening .

Adding multiple foods to your meal –

When you are preparing your meal , adding high glycemic foods with Low glycemic foods will lower the overall Glycemic value of the meal .

After all these factors it is also to consider your age, how active you are and how fast your body digest the foods.

If you have diabetes there can be a complication called Gastroparesis which will delay the food digestion and food absorption.

Low Glycemic value foods are not always the healthy food choice when choosing your food items you also must keep in mind with low glycemic value the food also has high protein, minerals and vitamins content which is very much vital for a healthy body .

Prediabetes – Causes and its treatment

Prediabetes is the health condition where the individual has higher blood sugar levels than normal , but they are not so high as to be categorized as Diabetes . But if this prediabetes is left untreated for a long time it can turn into Type 2 Diabetes .

In this case pancreas produces insulin in the right way but cells in our body don’t respond to insulin .

People who are obsessed and sedentary are at the risk of developing Prediabetes .

A Detailed Guide to Diabetes and its Prevention

Treatment of Prediabetes

When you have prediabetes it is usually recommended to change your lifestyle and your doctor will also guide you through the treatment process.

Good news about Prediabetes is it’s a reversible health issue not like Diabetes which is irreversible .

Following guide are usually recommended :-

  1. Weight Management –

Try to reduce your bodyweight from 5 to 10 percent . People with obesity and inactivity are at higher risk of high blood sugar level .

  1. Low Carbohydrate Diet –

Eating low carbohydrate food will reduce the risk of high blood sugar. Always, remember to add some protein and fiber to carbohydrate meals .

  1. Diet Control – 

If you are diabetic patients avoid simple carbs foods and move to complex carbs. Ensure your meals are rich in protein fiber and fats to avoid diabetes problems .

  1. Exercise –

Doing regular workout even for 30 mins. Will help reduce high sugar complications .

Complication of Prediabetes : –

If prediabetes is left untreated for a long time apart from diabetes there are several other complications you will face .

  1. Cardiac Diseases .
  2. Stroke .
  3. Leg Amputation .
  4. Hypertension .
  5. Nerves problem .
  6. Organ damage .

Diabetes signs in men and women

A Detailed Guide to Diabetes and its Prevention
Men Women
Frequent urinationPolycystic Ovary syndrome
High FatigueHigh Fatigue
Weight lossWeight loss
Vision lossBlur loss
Slow healing woundMood swings
Erectile DysfunctionFemale sexual Dysfunction
Skin infectionYeast Infection
Excess thirst & hungerExcess thirst & hunger

9 best foods for Diabetes

  1. Whole Grains
  2. Apples and Pears
  3. Brown Rice
  4. Yogurt
  5. Berries
  6. Dairy
  7. Oats
  8. Sweet potato
A Detailed Guide to Diabetes and its Prevention

Home Remedies for Diabetes

When you have diabetes you must take extra precaution to prevent further health issues . 

Besides using prescribed medicines by your doctor, nutrition also plays a major role in the treatment of Diabetes . 

Here below given are some of the natural home remedies that will  help you to treat diabetes naturally and effectively .

  1. Apple Cider Vinegar –

Ap-ple cider Vinegar is made from fermentation of sugar from apples, and Acetic Acid is the main content of Apple Cider vinegar . Research has shown apple cider has great benefits in insulin sensitivity and helping Blood sugar level .

  1. Aloe Vera – 

Consuming aloe vera may help reduce blood sugar level because in many research it has been found that aloe vera contains Phytosterols that help in reducing HbA1c and  Blood sugar in individuals with type 2 diabetes .

  1. Guava – 

Guava is rich in dietary fibers and many antioxidants such as Vitamins A and C . It also helps in maintaining the body’s metabolism .

  1. Basil Leaves –

Basil Leaves has many benefits for its medicinal properties . Basil leaves can be great for lowering your blood sugar levels , as they have a high amount of antioxidants and minerals that improve the beta cells of pancreas for insulin secretion .

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Written By - Surajit Jana.


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